- If your visa is approved, you will not receive a letter or any document at the interview, instead, you will receive your packet at the previously selected DHL courier office. If you have not selected one yet, please choose a courier office location where you would like to receive your visa.
- After the interview, original personal records, such as birth certificates or marriage certificates, will be only returned if requested and only if the applicant brings additional copies to the interview.
- If you are found to be ineligible for a visa, you will be given a refusal letter with the specific reason(s) why you were ineligible. If there is a waiver available for the ineligibility, you will be given instructions on how to apply for a waiver. Not all visa ineligibilities are waiverable. Click for more information about the waiver process.
- Sometimes, additional administrative processing of your visa application is needed. This additional processing can delay the final adjudication of the application. In these cases, the consular officer will explain the situation and you will be given a letter with instructions on how to proceed.
- If you need to schedule a follow-up interview, do NOT pay again. Please follow these directions.
- The Consulate does not recommend that you send documents via regular mail.
- Sometimes, your medical exam may not be ready in time for your visa interview. If your medical exam is not ready, the consular officer will put your case on hold until your medical exam is received. In some cases, the clinic may give the results to you to take to the Consulate information window. DO NOT open the sealed packet or you will need to retake the exam.
- You will receive your visa and a sealed packet from the courier service. Your visa will be affixed inside your Mexican passport. You must carefully read the information contained both on the visa itself and in the cover letter stapled to the sealed packet. Make sure this information is correct; if it is not, contact the Consulate immediately.
Do Not Open The Sealed Visa Packet. You Must Carry It Unopened To An Immigration Officer At A Port-Of-Entry.
- Once you have received your immigrant visa, please note the expiration date. You must enter the United States within the timeframe specified on the visa.
- You may enter the United States through any Port of Entry. However, if you have a medical “Class B TB” annotation on your visa, and you plan to enter through El Paso, you must enter via the Cordova bridge. You will receive specific instructions with your visa.
- At the port-of-entry, a U.S. Customs and Border Protection official will stamp your passport and make a notation that you are registered as a temporary resident.
After arriving in the U.S., you have the option of returning to the Consulate or filing with USCIS in the United States for an adjustment of status to an immediate relative (IR) visa.
K-1/K-2 applicants should file to adjust status after they are married. With your visa, you can apply for a single admission at a U.S. port of entry within the validity fo the visa, which will be a maximum of 6 months form the date of issuance. You must marry your U.S. citizen fiancé(e) within 90 days of your entry into the United States.
- More detailed information about the K-1/K-2 fiancé application process.
Remember, during the entire visa application and interview process, you must tell the truth and give complete and accurate information. If you do not, your visa will be delayed or you may be found ineligible for a visa that you may have qualified for otherwise.
Why was my visa refused?
U.S. consular officers are only allowed to issue immigrant visas to those applicants who qualify under the law. A visa can be refused for a variety of reasons. For example, your immigrant visa could be denied if you have a criminal record, if you lie during your visa interview, if you lived in the United States without permission, or if your economic documents are insufficient. There are many other possible reasons that a visa can be refused. Please see 9 FAM 40.6 Exhibit I (PDF – 196kb) for an abridged list of ineligibilities (i.e., reasons your visa may be refused).
Some immigrant visa refusals may be overcome with additional evidence (for example, 212(a)(4) – public charge), some refusals require a waiver (PDF,298k) from the Department of Homeland Security (for example, 212(a)(9)(B) – unlawful presence) before a visa can be issued, and some refusals are absolutely permanent (for example, 212(a)(2)(C) – controlled substance trafficker).
On the day of your immigrant visa appointment, the consular officer will interview you and either will approve your visa or deny it. If the consular officer approves your visa, the visa package will be mailed to you via DHL courier service. If the visa is refused, the consular officer will give you a refusal letter listing the section of law under which your visa was refused. The letter will also give you detailed instructions on what to do next. It is very important that you follow the instructions exactly. If you don’t follow the instructions, you can be sure that your case will be delayed, and it is possible that you will lose your chance to live and work in the United States. If you do not understand the instructions in the letter, please contact the Immigrant Visa Unit by clicking on Contact Us. We will be glad to answer your questions.
Despite what some people might tell you, luck has nothing to do with whether you receive an immigrant visa or not. Consular officers base their decisions solely on the law, regulations and Department of State policy. If you come to the Immigrant Visa Unit prepared and follow the consular officer’s directions completely, you will be much more likely to receive your immigrant visa.
A word of caution — Form I-130 (Petition for Alien Relative) contains the following warning:
“WARNING: USCIS investigates claimed relationships and verifies the validity of documents. USCIS seeks criminal prosecutions when family relationships are falsified to obtain visas. PENALTIES: by law, you may be imprisoned for not more than five years, or fined $250,000, or both, for entering into a marriage contract for the purpose of evading any provision of the immigration laws. In addition, you may be fined up to $10,000 or imprisoned up to five years or both, for knowingly and willfully falsifying or concealing a material fact or using any false document in submitting this petition.”