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Declaration Between the United Mexican States and the United States of America: 200 Years of Friendship
December 12, 2022


This year, the United Mexican States and the United States of America celebrate 200 years of bilateral relations. On December 12, 1822, the Mexican diplomat José Manuel Zozaya y Bermúdez presented credentials to President James Monroe that accredited him as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the Government of the United States following the independence of Mexico.

In recognition of the deep bonds of friendship and partnership that have united us ever since, we express the following:

RECOGNIZING the spirit of collaboration between the President of the United Mexican States, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, and the President of the United States of America, Joseph R. Biden, Jr., as well as their interest in continuing the commitment of the two nations to strengthen the robust diplomatic relationship and friendship that has been built over the years;

REITERATING the deep political, economic, social, and cultural bonds between Mexico and the United States of America, which help make North America one of the most dynamic and prosperous regions in the world, in recognition of the hard work of our societies on both sides of the border;

SEEKING to intensify regional cooperation through the United States-Mexico- Canada Agreement (USMCA), which addresses economic and trade issues, including agricultural, environmental, energy and labor affairs, as well as containing provisions to help ensure that the benefits of regional economic integration are shared with small-and medium-sized enterprises, especially those owned by women, indigenous peoples, and minorities;

CONTINUING to strengthen our relationship through the institutional mechanisms in force between our countries in economic, migratory, border, and security matters, including the High-Level Economic Dialogue (HLED) and its Supply Chain Working Group, the High-Level Security Dialogue, extensive cooperation under the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection, and the 21st Century Border Management Process Executive Steering Committee;

REAFFIRMING our joint commitment to an enduring security partnership based on mutual trust and embodied by the Bicentennial Framework for Security, Public Health, and Safe Communities, which guides actions on both sides of the border to address the challenges affecting our communities, including human trafficking and smuggling, crime, violence, and arms trafficking, as well as substance abuse and illicit drugs;

EMPHASIZING our commitment to strengthen efforts to protect the environment, combat the climate crisis, and to promote the transition to clean energy and vehicles for a green and sustainable future in North America;

REAFFIRMING that the United Mexican States and the United States of America remain committed to a lasting union founded on trust and mutual respect for our sovereignties;

UNDERLINING that the two nations are stronger when we face challenges together and seize opportunities to make our region more resilient, competitive, diverse, and secure; and

EMPHASIZING our commitment to continue working for the benefit of our societies, based on friendship, fraternity, and mutual trust and seeking at all times the defense and respect for human rights, diversity, and inclusion for our citizens, legal permanent residents, tourists, and those of migrant populations

WE FIRMLY BELIEVE THAT we will lead regional progress by creating opportunities to build a deeper, more humane, and prosperous relationship for the present and future good of our peoples.

Signed at Mexico City, this 12th day of December, 2022, in duplicate [in the Spanish and English languages].

For the United Mexican States:
Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard Casaubon

For the United States of America:
Special Presidential Advisor for the Americas, Christopher Dodd